The 13th five year plan of the steel industry need

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The 13th five year plan of strengthening and consolidating the iron and steel industry requires great wisdom

the 13th five year plan of strengthening and consolidating the iron and steel industry requires great wisdom

China Construction machinery information

perhaps it is because of the continuous losses in the whole industry and the difficulties in moving forward that the formulation of the next five-year development plan will receive more attention from the industry. The 2015 China Iron and steel Planning Forum held by the metallurgical industry planning and Research Institute recently is more popular than any previous session, and the purpose of your participation is only one: how to get out of trouble? Liu Zhenjiang, Secretary of the Party committee of the China Iron and Steel Industry Association, said that the development of the iron and steel industry needs great wisdom in extricating itself from difficulties. We cannot be too eager for success, nor can we aim too high. We must base ourselves on the enterprise itself, and focus on strengthening the body, consolidating the foundation, and making solid progress

as for the "focus" of overcapacity in the steel industry, Xin Renzhou, deputy director of the industrial policy department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that it is necessary to comprehensively apply various standards such as environmental protection, energy consumption, process technology, equipment scale, quality and safety, accelerate the expansion of the application scope of standards such as energy consumption and environmental protection, and improve the legalization and elimination mechanism of backward production capacity

the "focus" of overcapacity is occurring

at present, the difficulties of the steel industry are obvious. On the one hand, the pressure of "three-phase superposition" of China's economic development has not been relieved, and the downward pressure on the economy has increased; At the same time, the contradiction of overcapacity in the steel industry is prominent, environmental and factor constraints are increased, and the market order is irregular. The fence type aluminum based lead alloy composite anode model urgently needs to update the development concept

Li Xinchuang, President of the metallurgical industry planning and Research Institute, also believes that the development planning of the steel industry in the future should adapt to the new normal of the economy. As a traditional industry, it can no longer operate in the traditional way, but should seize the opportunity of market reform, improve competitiveness, and achieve from big to strong

in Liu Zhenjiang's view, the formulation of the 13th five year plan for the iron and steel industry must also firmly grasp the "bull nose" of resolving excess

"before the financial crisis, the steel industry also had some surplus, but it can be digested by increasing exports. Since the financial crisis, the problem of steel overcapacity has changed from a rising ship to a falling ship." Liu Zhenjiang said that the big increase in production when the financial crisis broke out was intended to be happy at that time, but now it has indigestion and distended his stomach. According to statistics, China's steel production capacity increased by 200 million tons in the three years from 2009 to 2011, and further increased to 820 million tons in 2013

the consequence of the large increase in steel production was that the imported ore price once rose to more than $190/ton, and the crazy stone took advantage of the opportunity to make profits. Then the steel price fell sharply, and the steel plant made small profits or even ran at a loss. In 2013, the efficiency of the steel industry fell to the lowest point in 13 years. What is more serious is that although the ore price has fallen sharply, the iron and steel industry can't stop losing money. The reason is that the decline in the ore price per ton of steel is less than the decline in the steel price. In the first two months of this year, the ore price per ton of steel fell by 100 yuan, while the steel price fell by more than 300 yuan

the latest statistics show that from 2010 to 2014, China has eliminated 120million tons of iron making capacity and 90million tons of steel-making capacity, which has alleviated the contradiction of overcapacity to a certain extent, but at present, the elimination of backward capacity is facing a new situation

"at present, the number of backward production capacity defined by the equipment scale standard is not much, and the next step should rely more on national mandatory environmental protection and other standards." Xin Renzhou said that it is more difficult to eliminate backward production capacity. In the process of promotion, problems such as the placement of enterprise employees, asset disposal and the impact on some local economic development and fiscal revenue have been encountered, especially under the current increasing downward pressure on the economy, these contradictions will be more prominent

in this regard, Xin Renzhou believes that the elimination of backward steel production capacity must comprehensively apply multiple standards, accelerate the expansion of the application scope of energy consumption, environmental protection and other standards, strengthen law enforcement and inspection, and improve the legalization and elimination mechanism of backward production capacity

the saddest five years are coming.

the latest statistical data show that large and medium-sized steel enterprises once again suffered overall losses in January this year. The amount of losses further increased in February, with a loss of nearly 50%. In March, orders were still insufficient and inventories increased. The loss of the whole industry in the first quarter is a foregone conclusion

in the eyes of zhaoxizi, honorary president of the China Federation of small and medium-sized metallurgical enterprises chamber of Commerce, the "13th five year plan" period will be the saddest five years for the steel industry. According to the development law of developed countries and large steel producing countries in the world, when the per capita steel production reaches 600 kg, it enters the peak platform, and after five years, it begins to drop sharply to 500 kg per capita, thus entering the stage of serious overcapacity. According to this law, China's per capita steel production has reached 600 kg in 2013. Calculated according to the five-year platform period, the per capita steel production will be reduced to 500 kg in 2018, which is converted into steel production of about 650 million to 700 million tons, that is, a reduction of 100 million to 150 million tons from the current steel production of more than 800 million tons. "Therefore, 2015 and the 13th Five Year Plan period, especially after 2018, will be the most difficult period for China's steel industry, and it will begin to enter the 'cold winter' in an all-round way." Zhao Xizi said

private steel enterprises account for half of China's total crude steel output of more than 800 million tons. Zhao Xizi predicted that the steel output of China's private enterprises will be reduced by about 90million tons during the "13th five year plan" period due to the new environmental protection law and the enterprises' own reasons

according to the requirements of the new environmental protection law, the cost per ton of steel in private steel enterprises will increase by 80-100 yuan. For enterprises with more than 2million tons and good asset quality, especially those with more than 3million tons, this part of environmental protection cost can be digested soon. In contrast, iron and steel enterprises with an annual output of about 1million tons, especially those with an annual output of less than 1million tons, will be the most serious threat to their survival

"due to their relatively weak comprehensive strength, the transformation and upgrading of these enterprises are difficult, the compliance review is difficult to pass, and the asset scale is small and there are many environmental protection arrears, all of them will be eliminated within five years, and this part of the production capacity will reach about 75million tons." Zhao Xizi said

in addition, due to various reasons, a few steel enterprises with tight capital chains will also be out of the market, with a total capacity of 15million tons. In this way, during the "13th five year plan" period, China's annual steel output will be reduced by 90million tons. If the 80million tons of "ground bar steel" that is not included in the national statistical scope is included, China's steel output will be significantly reduced by 170 million tons in the next five years

optimizing stock is the key play

Liu Zhenjiang said that the 13th five year plan of iron and steel involves a lot of transformation and upgrading, and each enterprise has different priorities, but they all need structural adjustment, energy conservation and environmental protection, and scientific and technological progress

"adjusting and optimizing stock assets is a big article to strengthen the body and consolidate the foundation, a basic element to enhance the competitiveness of enterprises, and an important play in the adjustment of asset intensive industrial structure. We should focus on upgrading good assets and transformation of non-good assets." Liu Zhenjiang said

at the same time, the 13th five year plan also needs to strengthen the upgrading of enterprise foundation. Different enterprise foundations, different upgrading bases and different goals. Both industry 4.0 and made in China 2025 have proposed to be intelligent. However, due to the development of machine stability in force control and deformation control, which is closely related to the rigidity of the host and the rigidity of the sample, the intellectualization of production process flow is the secret to improve labor productivity and stabilize the production of high-quality products. Qualified enterprises should make great progress in intelligent production and the deep integration of the two, and in informatization, interconnection The fastness of data experiments such as glass weaving dimension innovates management, logistics and business models in the application of big data

Zhao Xizi also put forward some suggestions on the areas that should be supported by the 13th five year plan. First, maintain an appropriate scale of fixed asset investment to support the set goal of GDP growth of 7%. Of course, these investments should avoid artificial forced stimulation. At the same time, the government should also relax relevant investment policies and encourage private capital to enter

second, implement the investment policy of energy conservation and environmental protection of enterprises. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, China will vigorously develop energy-saving and environmental protection industries. Traditional industries such as steel and iron are the main targets of energy-saving and environmental protection [China Plastics online news]. However, the steel industry is difficult to borrow because of overcapacity, and enterprise energy-saving and environmental protection projects are also included in "steel related" projects without loans, which forms a paradox that needs to be coordinated and solved at the policy level

third, tax reduction for domestic mines. At present, China's iron mine resource tax is still levied according to the specific volume of raw ore, and the tax rate of one ton of concentrate is as high as 26%, which is not available in the world. Since last year, with the price of imported ore falling below $80, two-thirds of domestic mines have been forced to close down due to the squeeze of imported ore, which not only causes a serious waste of resources, but also may raise the price of imported ore again. It is suggested that the relevant departments of the state should study the tax reduction policy as soon as possible, change the specific amount levy to the specific price levy, and reduce the level of comprehensive tax rate

fourth, implement the exit channel after merger and reorganization. Merger and reorganization is an important channel to resolve overcapacity. However, due to the unclear exit channel of the merged enterprises and employees, and the lack of enthusiasm of the enterprise subject, the effect of merger and reorganization in China's steel industry has been limited so far

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