The fastest growing printing industry in China

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The rapid development of China's printing industry

the printing industry is an important part of the cultural industry. Economic development and the improvement of people's material and cultural living standards inevitably require the printing industry to adapt to it. Many places have identified printing as an urban industry, which has further enhanced the important position of printing in the regional economy

throughout the world, the printing industry in economically developed countries is very developed and plays an important role in the national economy. In the early 1980s, we investigated the United States, Japan, Germany and other advanced countries and found that the proportion of the printing industry in the GDP of most countries was 1 Between 5%, it generally ranks in the top ten in all industries of the national economy

the strong development of regional economy has driven the development of regional printing industry. In 2002, the printing output value of Guangdong exceeded 50 billion yuan, and the GDP of the Pearl River Delta in the same year was 953.62 billion yuan. The printing industry accounted for more than 50% and became the pillar industry of the Pearl River Delta. In the Yangtze River Delta, in 2002, the printing output value of Shanghai was 18.1 billion yuan, that of Jiangsu was 30 billion yuan, and that of Zhejiang was 25 billion yuan, totaling about 73.1 billion yuan. In the same year, the GDP of the Yangtze River Delta was 1814.19 billion yuan, and the printing industry accounted for 4%, far higher than the national average of 2%. In the Bohai rim, as the regional economy is still in its infancy, the proportion of its printing industry in the GDP of the Bohai rim is roughly equivalent to that of the whole country

from this, we can see that the development of the printing industry reflects the important symbol of a country, especially the level of regional economic development. The development of the printing industry must adapt to the needs of economic development and the improvement of people's living standards. In the regional economy, the development speed of the printing industry will be relatively faster and become an important pillar industry of the regional economy

in recent years, China's regional printing industry has achieved rapid development, with some remarkable characteristics:

first, the influx of foreign capital, Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan capital and private capital has given a strong impetus to the development of regional printing industry. According to the survey of relevant departments in Guangdong, there are more than 14000 printing enterprises in the province, and more than 1600 foreign-funded enterprises, of which Hong Kong capital accounts for more than 90%, followed by private capital. The Yangtze River Delta is dominated by private capital, especially in Zhejiang and Jiangsu. Second, foreign capital and Hong Kong and Taiwan capital moved westward, mostly settled in Jiangsu and Zhejiang regions. Relatively speaking, the pace of Bohai Rim printing industry attracting foreign and private capital is not large enough

second, the degree of marketization is relatively high. The marketization of the printing industry in various industrial sectors across the country lags behind, but the marketization of the printing industry in the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta is ahead, mainly in the allocation of printing resources, and the market plays a leading role. Great changes have also taken place in the industrial structure of the printing industry in these two regions. Packaging and decoration and commercial printing are the focus of investment in these two regions. According to the list of China's top 100 printing enterprises in 2002 published by the printing manager, there are 22 companies specializing in packaging and printing, 24 companies mainly engaged in packaging and printing, and 25 companies concurrently engaged in publishing, packaging and other printing; Among the top 25 enterprises in the top 100, 20 are mainly packaging and printing enterprises, including 8 in the Pearl River Delta and 7 in the Yangtze River Delta. In terms of sales market, the Pearl River Delta highlights the characteristics of "going out", with an annual export printing volume of 12billion yuan, which is 1/4 of its sales. The Yangtze River Delta is based locally, facing the mainland and expanding overseas, mainly to meet the needs of the region and the country

third, the starting point of technology is relatively high. Among the newly invested printing enterprises, they generally aim at the current world's advanced printing technology and equipment. According to the survey, by the end of September 2002, 143 sets of CTPs had been introduced nationwide, including 87 sets in Guangdong, accounting for 60.8%; There are 13 sets in Shanghai, 4 sets in Zhejiang and 3 sets in Jiangsu, with a total of 20 sets, accounting for 14%; As of 2002, 785 multi-color offset presses have been imported nationwide, 350 in Guangdong, accounting for 46.6%

fourth, the construction momentum of the printing industrial park is very strong. With the rapid development of regional economy, the industrial integration has been continuously improved. Combined with the transformation of old cities and the planning of new urban areas, the construction of printing industrial parks came into being and flourished. The author once inspected the first phase of the 500 mu Park in Wenzhou, and learned that there is no room for so many printing enterprises, and is currently planning more than 1000 mu park; Shanghai International Packaging and printing city covers an area of 600 mu; Kunshan International Packaging Industrial Park of 2 square kilometers is under construction in Jiangsu Province; Zhejiang Hangzhou has accepted the Asian Packaging Center; The foundation of Beijing Printing Industrial Park, which covers an area of 3000 mu in Shunyi, Beijing, has been laid; The green packaging industrial park covering an area of 500 mu in Tianjin has been started; Dongguan in the Pearl River Delta is planning to build Dongguan Printing Industrial Park; Zhangjiabian in Zhongshan and yatushi in Heshan have annual sales of more than 20 billion yuan and can improve the stability of parison, which itself forms a strong printing base

at present, the development of regional printing industry is very hot, and many people are worried about whether it is overheating. This fear is not unreasonable, and it is worth noting, because in the past, we suffered too much in this regard. In order to prevent the development of regional printing industry from ups and downs, we must adhere to the guidance of the scientific concept of development, take a positive attitude, take a steady and solid step forward. Combined with the actual situation of China's printing industry, I think we should pay attention to the following points:

first, we should adhere to market orientation and prevent administrative compulsory intervention. Market demand is the basic foothold and starting point for the development of the printing industry. We must avoid blind development divorced from actual demand. Therefore, we must conduct in-depth investigation, find out the market demand, carry out regional planning according to the market demand, and formulate enterprise development goals. Government departments should strengthen macro guidance, do a good job in overall planning and coordination, and create a good policy environment. However, they should not force indicators to pursue speed, or even operate in violation of regulations

second, adhere to a high starting point and prevent low-level repeated construction. At present, the outstanding performance of the unreasonable printing industrial structure in China is that there are too many low-level small and medium-sized enterprises and less high-level backbone enterprises. Therefore, in the development of regional printing industry, we should strive to make the industrial structure reasonable and adhere to a high starting point in guiding the reconstruction and expansion of printing enterprises. What we are talking about here is not the large scale and many equipment, but the high level of technology, refined products and good quality. We should not follow the old road of repeated construction at the generation level

third, we should make overall planning and coordinate development. Over the past 20 years, we have accumulated an experience with theoretical innovation: the concept of big printing. This successful experience should be used for reference and developed in the development of regional printing industry. It is mainly to coordinate the development of publishing, packaging and commercial printing according to the needs of the market; Printing, printing equipment and printing equipment should be planned as a whole; Attach importance to printing scientific research, education, training and other work, and strive to serve the development of the printing industry

fourth, the printing industrial park should be built reasonably according to local conditions. The planning and construction of the printing industrial park must proceed from reality, be scientific and reasonable, and do not blindly seek to be large. A lot of enclosure will only cause land waste. The planned park can be expanded step by step. We should pay attention to the management of the park and do a good job in supporting services, so that enterprises entering the park have no worries at home

fifth, deepen reform and accelerate the marketization of printing. From a national perspective, the process of the printing industry market is relatively backward, many of which are caused by the system. The regional printing industry should take a good lead in deepening the reform of the printing industry system, take the first step and create experience. At present, the reform of state-owned publishing and printing enterprises is a difficult point. The reform of state-owned enterprises in the "Pearl River Delta" and "Yangtze River Delta" has started, and some have achieved success. I hope to summarize it carefully for the benefit of promotion. To break regional protection and various administrative barriers and promote market integration, the regional printing industry should take the lead in this regard, so as to promote the establishment of a unified, open and orderly competitive printing market across the country

Sixth, adhere to people-oriented and improve the quality of printing talents. Talent is the key to the healthy development of regional printing industry. A printing enterprise should produce two products: one is high-quality prints, and the other is high-quality talents. Fundamentally speaking, only with high-quality talents can we have high-quality prints. Therefore, an entrepreneur with a strategic vision will pay attention to the cultivation of talents and establish a people-oriented management mechanism in printing enterprises

adhere to the following scientific methods to reduce the error of small workpieces made by Leeb hardness tester: guided by the concept of development, China's regional printing industry will surely develop healthily, continuously and rapidly, and make great contributions to the overall revitalization of China's printing industry in this century

over the past 25 years of reform and opening up, China's economy has developed continuously and rapidly. According to statistics, the GDP of China's three major economic zones - the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta and the Bohai Economic Zone in 2002 was 5607.47 billion yuan, accounting for 53.5% of the national GDP; In the same year, the total social fixed asset investment in these three economic zones reached 2004.3 billion yuan, accounting for 46.1% of the country's 4349.91 billion yuan; The total consumption was 1988.88 billion yuan, accounting for 48.6% of the 4091.05 billion yuan nationwide; The total export volume was 267.32 billion yuan, accounting for 82.1% of the country's 325.57 billion yuan

this series of data shows that the three major economic zones are the leaders of China's economic development, and many people call them the three engines of China's economic development

observing the development process of these three economic zones, they have their own characteristics

the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone developed the earliest. In the early 1980s, the Pearl River Delta was at the forefront of reform and opening up. Three of the four special economic zones decided by the central government are in Guangdong, of which Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Guangzhou have gradually become the core of the Pearl River Delta, and then linked together, radiating around. In the early 1990s, the Pearl River Delta economic zone has basically formed. Facing the international market is a major feature of the three triangle economy. In 1995, the export of the Pearl River Delta accounted for 38% of the country. In 2002, the proportion of exports fell to 36.4%, but its export volume was still as high as 112.62 billion US dollars, which was not only far higher than 62.25 billion US dollars around the Bohai Sea, but also more than 20 billion US dollars higher than 92.45 billion US dollars in the Yangtze River Delta with strong upward momentum. In terms of industrial structure, the highest proportion of the tertiary industry in the Pearl River Delta in 2002 was 45.1%. The second is the Yangtze River Delta, which accounts for 42.3%, and the Bohai rim, which accounts for 40.9%. From the current development situation, the Pearl River Delta is the most mature region in terms of regional economic integration, marketization and industrial structure optimization

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the economy of the long delta has unique geographical advantages and is the most prosperous region in China's history. With Shanghai as the core, including 15 cities around Jiangsu and Zhejiang, it forms the world's sixth largest urban agglomeration, but it started later than the Pearl River Delta. With the central government's decision to develop Pudong, it has driven the rapid economic development of surrounding cities. Since the 1990s, the development speed of the Yangtze River Delta has exceeded that of the Pearl River Delta. In 2002, the economic growth rate of the Yangtze River Delta was 6 percentage points higher than the national average. The GDP reached 1914.19 billion yuan, accounting for 22.1% of the country, while the land area of the Yangtze River Delta accounted for only 2.2% of the country and the population accounted for 10.4%. Promoting the growth of the Yangtze River Delta, although the utilization of foreign capital has a strong growth, and the proportion of foreign capital rose to 22.4% in 2002, private capital plays a leading role, which has become a major feature of China's economic development. After 10 years of development, the Yangtze River Delta economic zone is maturing and has a strong momentum for development

the Bohai Rim Economic Zone is located in the center of the Northeast Economic Zone. As two municipalities directly under the central government, Beijing and Tianjin are adjacent and close, which has good geographical advantages. Under the influence of the rapid development of the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta economic zones, the Bohai Rim region is increasingly feeling the pressure of competition. At the beginning of this year, party and government leaders in Beijing and Tianjin were frequent

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